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Tripping Over Europe: Expert Advice on Making Travel Easy
2001, 5½x8½, paper, 225 pp, Heritage Books
A valuable resource guide that answers many questions about how to make traveling outside the USA a successful and satisfying experience. He encourages his readers to avoid tour groups, and then provides the necessary information to plan and execute a solo trip abroad. Arranged in a series of small chapters, this book can be enjoyed end to end or by leisurely browsing through topics of interest. He also provides helpful tips to money-conscious travelers including the best time to purchase airline tickets, overbooking offers and which kinds of hotels offer more for less. A chapter devoted to coping with language barriers includes a brief list of phrases, which gives the traveler a customized pocket-sized language dictionary. Two chapters discuss combining travel with the pursuit of family history.
Women, Business, and Finance in Nineteenth-Century Europe: Rethinking Separate Spheres
Robert Beachy, Béatrice Craig, Alastair Owens
256 pages, paperback, Palgrave Macmillan
Looking at women, business and finance in the nineteenth century, this book challenges our traditional understanding of "separate spheres" whereby men operated in the public world of work and women in the private realm of the domestic. Drawing on case studies throughout Europe, the authors reveal that there was much greater diversity in women's economic experience across all social strata than has previously been understood. International contributors take a new look at women's roles in finance and investment, family-owned businesses, retailing, service activities, and the artisanal trades. They reveal that elite and middle-class women often manipulated financial resources in a highly sophisticated manner. We learn about women in the accommodation business in London, female entrepreneurs in Italy, prostitutes in Germany, family businesses in Sweden, women in publishing in Spain and much more.
Robert Beachy is Assistant Professor of History at Goucher College.
Beatrice Craig is Associate Professor of History at the University of Ottawa.
Alastair Owens is Lecturer in Geography at Queen Mary, University of London.
Table of Contents
Introduction--Béatrice Craig, Robert Beachy, and Alastair Owens
Women In Investment And Finance
Backbone of the Nation: Women And Investment In Nineteenth-Century Britain--Alastair Owens
The Silent Partners: Women And Investment In Nineteenth-Century Sweden--Tom Petersson
Women In Family Business
Women, Family Business And Industrialization In Northern France In The Nineteenth Century--Béatrice Craig
Sophie Henschel And The Locomotive Industry In Imperial Germany--Robert Beachy
Women In Retailing
Women In Retailing In Flanders--Valérie Piette
A Little Shop: Female Retailing In Nineteenth-Century Sweden--Thomas Ericsson
Women In Services
Dutch Women In Placement Services--Marlou Schrover
'The Business of Sex': Evaluating Prostitution In Nineteenth-Century Hamburg--Julia Brüggemann
A Respectable Business: Women, Hospitality And The Accommodation Business In Nineteenth-Century London--Alison Parkinson Kay
Women In Artisanal Trades
Self-Employed Women In Vienna--Irene Bandhauer-Schöffmann
Silent Mastery: Women Master Artisans In Barcelona--Juanjo Romero Marin
Women And Publishing In Nineteenth-Century Spain--Gloria Espigado
Great Famine: Northern Europe in the Early Fourteenth Century
William Chester Jordan
328 pages, 6 x 9, 3 maps, paperback, Princeton University Press
The horrors of the Great Famine (1315-1322), one of the severest catastrophes ever to strike northern Europe, lived on for centuries in the minds of Europeans who recalled tales of widespread hunger, class warfare, epidemic disease, frighteningly high mortality, and unspeakable crimes. Until now, no one has offered a perspective of what daily life was actually like throughout the entire region devastated by this crisis, nor has anyone probed far into its causes. Here, the distinguished historian William Jordan provides the first comprehensive inquiry into the Famine from Ireland to western Poland, from Scandinavia to central France and western Germany. He produces a rich cultural history of medieval community life, drawing his evidence from such sources as meteorological and agricultural records, accounts kept by monasteries providing for the needy, and documentation of military campaigns. Whereas there has been a tendency to describe the food shortages as a result of simply bad weather or else poor economic planning, Jordan sets the stage so that we see the complex interplay of social and environmental factors that caused this particular disaster and allowed it to continue for so long.
Jordan begins with a description of medieval northern Europe at its demographic peak around 1300, by which time the region had achieved a sophisticated level of economic integration. He then looks at problems that, when combined with years of inundating rains and brutal winters, gnawed away at economic stability. From animal diseases and harvest failures to volatile prices, class antagonism, and distribution breakdowns brought on by constant war, northern Europeans felt helplessly besieged by acts of an angry God--although a cessation of war and a more equitable distribution of resources might have lessened the severity of the food shortages.
Throughout Jordan interweaves vivid historical detail with a sharp analysis of why certain responses to the famine failed. He ultimately shows that while the northern European economy did recover quickly, the Great Famine ushered in a period of social instability that had serious repercussions for generations to come.
"In this important new synthesis of the causes, course, and consequences of the Great Famine, Jordan offers a corrective to the view that after its initial crippling effects, famine continued to afflict Europe until the ultimate devastation of the Black Death. . . . A richly detailed cultural history that considers significant regional variations and stresses the event's human dimension, including its manifold and different effects in rural and urban contexts and on people of differing age, status, and power. . . . This will become the standard work on the subject."--Choice
"Ever since the publication of Barbara Tuchman's A Distant Mirror, many readers have had a sneaking suspicion that the 14th century is uncannily similar to our own. Anyone who takes up this book in hopes of finding a new Tuchman will find something better, though: a work of great depth written in a scholarly though engaging way. . . . [T]he impressive scholarship . . . deserves to be appreciated for its own merits. Among the many virtues of this readable work are the corrections of many common misperceptions of the Middle Ages and a bibliography that is extensive and impressive. . . . "--Publishers Weekly
"A richly detailed cultural history. . . . This will become the standard work on the subject."--Choice
"Anyone who takes up this book in hopes of finding a new Tuchman will find something better, though: a work of great depth written in a scholarly though engaging way."--Publishers Weekly
"Pestilence and War have had their historians. Famine now has its own with this brilliantly written masterpiece of historical anthropology."--Jacques Le Goff
Winner of the 2000 Haskins Medal of the Medieval Academy of America
One of Choice's Outstanding Academic Books of 1996
Table of Contents
List of Maps
Part I A Calamity "Unheard-of Among Living Men"
1 The Bringers of Famine in 1315: Rain, War, God 7
2 The Harvest Failures and Animal Murrains 24
Part II The Economics and Demography of the Famine in Rural Society
3 Prices and Wages 43
4 The Cost-of-Living Crisis: Lords 61
5 The Cost-of-Living Crisis: Rustics 87
6 The Struggle for Survival 108
Part III Towns and Principalities
7 Urban Demography and Economy 127
8 Coping in Towns 151
9 The Policies of Princes 167